Cultural heritage of the island of Krk

A dynamic history of the island of Krk was determined by advantageous geographical position (trading routes), mild climate, sufficiently cultivated land and a considerable number of hills for the establishment of the villages. Its earliest traces date back to prehistory. Although still unexplored systematically, the remains of this ancient past have been found on strategically placed hills (around the church of St. Peter in Gabonjin) and in the caves of the island of Krk.

 

A period of Roman dominance left many traces on the island of Krk, preserved at the foot of Omišalj at the Fulfinium archaeological site, in the bay of Soline around the medieval church at the locality of St. Peter, and within today's old cores of towns Baška and Krk. The best preserved traces of Roman culture are found in coffee bars Volsonis and Mate in the town of Krk. The Volsonis coffee bar is incorporated into Roman city walls, and in the coffee bar Mate is well preserved Roman mosaic with a representation of the mythical creature Triton. 

The earliest traces of Christianity on the island date back to the 5th century, when religion is accepted by the Empire. Afterwards, near towns under ancient Roman power, important sacral objects were built. The earliest dated and preserved building are old Christian basilica in Mirine, built near the Roman town Fulfinium, remains of the former old Christian church at the foot of the church St. Mark in Baška, and traces of very early dated sacral building founded in the grounds of Krk Cathedral.  

Today, the island of Krk is divided into seven municipalities , whose administrative center are larger towns: Omišalj, Malinska, Dobrinj, Vrbnik, Krk, Punat and Baška. Approximately, such division of the island, except Punat and Malinska as a younger towns, has been preserved since Middle Ages, when the island's castles were run by Frankopan prince's family under the Venetian power. The family looked after maintaining peace on the island, well-regulated legal relations, fostering tradition in the form of Croatian language and Glagolitic alphabet and maintaining sacral buildings for performing worship. Not far from Vrbnik, the old Frankopan castle called Gradec was preserved , and in the town Krk there is magnificent Frankopan castle, a representative defense building and integral part of the city walls.

An unsafe Middle Ages suggested building towns on the hills to allow geographic position to supervise arable lands and to protect against possible attacks. The city walls are preserved only in town Krk, and in other places, for example in Dobrinj, the remains of the walls are only visible within the tick walls of houses located in the outer ring of the town. The island towns have preserved recognizable elements of traditional architecture in small stone houses radially placed on narrow streets around the main square, and as prominent signs of every town the bell tower of local church (Church of St. Stephen - Dobrinj, Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary - Vrbnik and the Church of Assumption of Mary - Omišalj) extends proudly. 

With this project, in one place, the rich cultural heritage of the island of Krk from its Roman to modern history has been summarized.  A number of archaeological sites, castles, old Christian, medieval and modern churches and monasteries, as well as other representative cultural heritages of island of Krk, were included. 

More at: http://www.visitkrk.hr/

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