A period of Roman dominance left many traces on the
island of Krk, preserved at the foot of Omišalj at the Fulfinium archaeological
site, in the bay of Soline around the medieval church at the locality of St.
Peter, and within today's old cores of towns Baška and Krk. The best preserved
traces of Roman culture are found in coffee bars Volsonis and Mate in the town
of Krk. The Volsonis coffee bar is incorporated into Roman city walls, and in
the coffee bar Mate is well preserved Roman mosaic with a representation of the
mythical creature Triton.
The earliest traces of Christianity on the island date
back to the 5th century, when religion is accepted by the Empire. Afterwards,
near towns under ancient Roman power, important sacral objects were built. The
earliest dated and preserved building are old Christian basilica in Mirine,
built near the Roman town Fulfinium, remains of the former old Christian church
at the foot of the church St. Mark in Baška, and traces of very early dated
sacral building founded in the grounds of Krk Cathedral.
Today, the island of Krk is divided into seven
municipalities , whose administrative center are larger towns: Omišalj,
Malinska, Dobrinj, Vrbnik, Krk, Punat and Baška. Approximately, such division
of the island, except Punat and Malinska as a younger towns, has been preserved
since Middle Ages, when the island's castles were run by Frankopan prince's
family under the Venetian power. The family looked after maintaining peace on
the island, well-regulated legal relations, fostering tradition in the form of
Croatian language and Glagolitic alphabet and maintaining sacral buildings for
performing worship. Not far from Vrbnik, the old Frankopan castle called Gradec
was preserved , and in the town Krk there is magnificent Frankopan castle, a
representative defense building and integral part of the city walls.
An unsafe Middle Ages suggested building towns on the
hills to allow geographic position to supervise arable lands and to protect
against possible attacks. The city walls are preserved only in town Krk, and in
other places, for example in Dobrinj, the remains of the walls are only visible
within the tick walls of houses located in the outer ring of the town. The
island towns have preserved recognizable elements of traditional architecture
in small stone houses radially placed on narrow streets around the main square,
and as prominent signs of every town the bell tower of local church (Church of
St. Stephen - Dobrinj, Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary -
Vrbnik and the Church of Assumption of Mary - Omišalj) extends proudly.
With this project, in one place, the rich cultural
heritage of the island of Krk from its Roman to modern history has been
summarized. A number of archaeological sites, castles, old Christian,
medieval and modern churches and monasteries, as well as other representative
cultural heritages of island of Krk, were included.
More at: http://www.visitkrk.hr/