Climate, flora and fauna

Climate

The island of Krk has a mild Mediterranean climate with an amazing 2,500 hours of sunshine per year. The springs here are pleasant, while the summers are warm with minimum precipitation, and sea temperatures even rising above 25°C. The bathing season extends from May to September. The most common wind in the summer is called the maestral; it blows from the north-west and brings relief during the hottest days of the year in July and August. The autumns are mild and the winters windy. The typical wind in the winter is the bura, which blows from the east and north-east, and in the spring and autumn it's the southern jugo wind.

Flora and fauna

The flora of the island of Krk includes 1,400 land species, which is almost half of the flora present in Croatia. The Asperula Borbasiana plant is endemic to the island of Krk. The specific climatic conditions have resulted in the cultivation of grapes, figs, and olives, while medicinal plants (wormwood, sage, yarrow, Spanish broom) create a kind of natural open-air aromatherapy. Another distinctive feature of Krk is the fact that there are certain trees growing here that cannot be found on any other Adriatic island. These include the sessile oak, linden, sycamore maple, Norway maple, and Scots elm.

The fauna of the island of Krk is also very interesting. A bird reserve that encompasses the island of Prvić and the steep shores on the north-eastern part of the island of Krk is the northernmost habitat of the protected griffon vulture. In addition, the island of Krk is inhabited by golden eagles, short-toed snake eagles and many other interesting bird species, as well as 30 indigenous amphibians and reptiles, which makes Krk a unique island in the entire Mediterranean area. The Dalmatian wall lizard (Podarcis melisellensis), an indigenous Croatian species, is particularly interesting. Another endemic and relict species is the blue-throated keeled lizard, whose males attract attention with their striking blue throat and orange belly. They can often be seen as they rest on walls covered with vegetation.

The lake of Jezero close to Njivice is the largest natural freshwater habitat on the island of Krk. Its water surface covers an area of 35 hectares and the belt of reeds and peat around the shore extends for 60 hectares. The lake and its immediate surroundings are home to numerous wetland and freshwater types of vegetation that are otherwise rare in karst environments. Jezero is also an important bird habitat. Certain bird species nest here, and in the spring and autumn there is an intense bird migration above the lake, which is largely influenced by the phenomenon of the strong winds that blow here in March. The birds wait for favourable weather conditions so they can fly over Mount Velebit and Gorski Kotar, and then stop at Jezero on the island of Krk to restore their energy before continuing their migration. Cranes are particularly interesting: these birds are approximately one metre tall and have a wingspan of 230 cm. Flocks with 500-600 individual birds can be seen from Krk.

 

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